Published papers

Why Do Military Dictatorships Become Presidential Democracies? Mapping the Democratic Interests of Autocratic Regimes. Forthcoming in Public Choice.

Democratic Transitions and Monetary Policy: Are Democratic Central Banks Different? Forthcoming in Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice. (With Martin Rode)

When Does Terror Induce a State of Emergency? And What are the Effects?” Forthcoming in Journal of Conflict Resolution. (With Stefan Voigt)

Regime Types and Regime Change: A New Dataset on Democracy, Coups, and Political Institutions. Forthcoming in Review of International Organizations. (With Martin Rode)

Trust us to Repay: Social Trust, Long-Term Interest Rates and Sovereign Credit Ratings. Forthcoming in Journal of Money, Credit and Banking. (With Andreas Bergh)

Crisis, Ideology, and Interventionist Policy Ratchets. Political Studies, vol. 67 (2019), 815-833. (With Martin Rode)

Do Voters Dislike Liberalizing Reforms? New Evidence Using Data on Satisfaction with Democracy. Journal of Institutional Economics., vol. 15 (2019), 631-648. (With Niclas Berggren)

The Context of Entrepreneurial Judgment: Organizations, Markets, and Institutions. Journal of Management Studies, vol. 56 (2019), 1167-1213. (With Nicolai Foss and Peter Klein)

Populism: Three Approaches to an International Problem. Economic Affairs, vol. 39 (2019), 273-281.

Do Social Rights Affect Social Outcomes? American Journal of Political Science, vol. 63 (2019), 452-466. (With Jacob Mchangama)

Regulation and Government Debt. Public Choice, vol. 178 (2019), 153-178. (With Niclas Berggren)

Why Do Governments Call a State of Emergency? On the Determinants of Using Emergency Constitutions. European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 54 (2018), 110-123. (With Stefan Voigt)

The Hayek-Friedman Hypothesis on the Press: Is there an Association between Economic Freedom and Press Freedom? Journal of Institutional Economics, vol. 14 (2018), 617-638.

The Architecture of Emergency Constitutions. International Journal of Constitutional Law, vol. 16 (2018), 101-127. (With Stefan Voigt)

Do Equal Rights for a Minority Affect General Life Satisfaction? Journal of Happiness Studies. vol. 19 (2018), 1465.-1483 (With Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson)

Do Liberalizing Reforms Harm the Environment? Evidence from the Post-Communist Transition. Economics Affairs, vol. 38 (2018), 22-37.

Dealing with Disaster: Analyzing the Emergency Constitutions of the U.S. states. Arizona State Law Journal, vol. 49 (2017), 883-906. (With Stefan Voigt)

Economic Freedom and Veto Players Jointly Affect Entrepreneurship. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, vol. 6 (2017), 340-358. (With Jacob Lihn)

Trust and Delegation: Theory and Evidence. Journal of Comparative Economics, vol. 45 (2017), 644-657. (With Nurullah Gur)

The Market-Promoting and Market-Preserving Role of Social Trust in Reforms of Policies and Institutions. Southern Economic Journal, vol. 84 (2017), 3-25. (With Niclas Berggren)

What Aspects of Society Affect the Quality of Life of a Minority? Global Evidence from the New Gay Happiness Index. Social Indicators Research, vol. 132 (2017), 1163-1192. (With Niclas Berggren and Therese Nilsson)

Growth, Inequality and Economic Freedom: Evidence from the US States. Contemporary Economic Policy, vol. 35 (2017), 518-531.

Economic Freedom and Economic Crises. European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 45 (2016), S11-S23.

Institutions, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Growth: What Do We Know? And What Do We Still Need to Know? Academy of Management Perspectives, vol. 30 (2016), 292-315. (With Nicolai J. Foss)

An Offer You Can’t Refuse: Murdering Journalists as an Enforcement Mechanism of Corrupt Deals. Public Choice, vol. 167 (2016), 221-243. (With Andreas Freytag)

Economic Shocks and Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment. World Bank Economic Review, vol. 30 (2016), 55-77. (With Jacob Gerner Hariri and Mogens Kamp Justesen)

Social Trust Fosters an Ability to Help Those in Need: Jewish Refugees in the Nazi Era. Political Studies, vol. 63 (2015), 951-974.

How do Institutions Affect Happiness and Misery? A Tale of Two Tails. Comparative Sociology, vol. 14 (2015), 353-385. (With Ming-Chang Tsai)

Constitutional Property Rights Protection and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Post-Communist Transition. Constitutional Political Economy, vol. 26 (2015), 247-280.

The Productivity of Trust. World Development, 70 (2015), 317-331. (With Pierre-Guillaume Méon)

Legitimacy and the Cost of Government. Public Choice, vol. 162 (2015), 307-328. (With Niclas Berggren and David Lipka)

What Matters for Growth in Europe: Institutions versus Policies, Quality versus Stability. Journal of Economic Policy Reform, vol. 18 (2015), 69-88.  (With Niclas Berggren and Andreas Bergh)

Does Economic Freedom Really Kill? On the Association between ‘Neoliberal Policies’ and Homicide Rates. European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 37 (2015), 207-219.

Constitutional Verbosity and Social Trust. Public Choice, vol. 161 (2014), 91-112. (With Stefan Voigt)

Trust, Welfare States and Inequality: Sorting out the Causality. European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 25 (2014), 183-199. (With Andreas Bergh)

Economic Growth and Institutional Reform in Modern Monarchies and Republics: A Historical Cross-Country Perspective 1820-2000. Journal of Theoretical and Institutional Economics, vol. 170 (2014), 453-481. (With Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard)

Exploiting the Poor: Bureaucratic Corruption and Poverty in Africa. World Development, vol. 58 (2014), 106-115. (With Mogens Kamp Justesen)

Do Economic Reforms Alleviate Subjective Well-Being Losses of Economic Crises? Journal of Happiness Studies, vol. 15 (2014), 163-182.

Public Choice, Political Economy and Development: An Introduction to the Life, Times and Themes of Martin Paldam. Public Choice, vol. 157 (2013), 357-365. (With Toke Aidt, Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard and Gert T. Svendsen)

Is Trust the Missing Root of Institutions, Education, and Development? Public Choice, vol. 157 (2013), 641-669. (With Pierre-Guillaume Méon)

Is Social Capital a Good Concept? Social Indicators Research, vol. 114 (2013), 1225-1242. (With Kim Sønderskov)

Are Debt Repayment Incentives Undermined by Foreign Aid? Journal of Comparative Economics, vol. 41 (2013), 1073-1091. (With Philipp Schröder)

Does Social Trust Determine the Size of the Welfare State? Evidence Using Historical Identification. Public Choice, vol. 157 (2013), 269-286. (With Gert T. Svendsen)

The Size and Scope of Government in the US States. Does Political Ideology Matter? International Tax and Public Finance, vol. 20 (2013), 687-714. (With Niklas Potrafke)

Inequality and Happiness: When Perceived Social Mobility and Economic Reality Do Not Match. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol. 91 (2013), 75-92, (With Axel Dreher, Justina Fischer, Kai Gehring and Jan Schnellenbach)

Does Religiosity Promote Property Rights and the Rule of Law? Journal of Institutional Economics, vol. 9 (2013), 161-185. (With Niclas Berggren)

How Strategic Entrepreneurship and the Institutional Context Drive Economic Growth. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, vol. 7 (2013), 50-69. (With Nicolai J. Foss)

Can Bribes Buy Protection Against International Competition? Review of World Economics, vol. 148 (2012), 751-775.

On the Determinants of Honesty Perceptions in the United States. Rationality and Society, vol. 24 (2012), 257-294.

The Growth Effects of Institutional Instability. Journal of Institutional Economics, vol. 8 (2012), 187-224. (With Niclas Berggren and Andreas Bergh)

How Does Social Trust Affect Economic Growth? Southern Economic Journal, vol. 78 (2012), 1346-1368.

Political Ideology and Economic Freedom across Canadian Provinces. Eastern Economic Journal, vol. 38 (2012), 143-166. (With Niklas Potrafke)

The Spirit of Capitalism and Socialism: A Cross-Country Study of Ideology. Public Choice, vol. 150 (2012), 469-498. (With Martin Paldam)

Is the Importance of Religion in Daily Life Related to Social Trust? Cross-Country and Cross-State Comparisons. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, vol. 80 (2011), 459-480. (With Niclas Berggren)

Social Trust and Human Development. Journal of Socio-Economics, vol. 40 (2011), 753-762. (With Burçu Özcan)

Combating Corruption: On the Interplay between Institutional Quality and Social Trust. Journal of Law and Economics, vol. 54 (2011), 135-159.

Social Diversity, Institutions, and Trust: A Cross-National Analysis. Social Indicators Research, vol. 101 (2011), 305-322. (With Ming-Chang Tsai and Leslie Laczko)

Growth, Debt Burdens and Alleviating Effects of Foreign Aid in Least Developed Countries. European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 27 (2011), 143-153. (With Christina Bjerg and Anne Holm)

Politics and Privatization in Central and Eastern Europe: A Panel Data Analysis. Economics of Transition, vol. 19 (2011), 201-230. (With Niklas Potrafke)

A Different Rationale for Redistribution: A Comment. Journal of Happiness Studies, vol. 12 (2011), 343-347.

Historical Trust Levels Predict the Current Size of the Welfare State. Kyklos, vol. 64 (2011), 1-19. (With Andreas Bergh)

Formal Institutions and Subjective Wellbeing: Revisiting the Cross-Country Evidence. European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 26 (2010), 419-430. (With Axel Dreher and Justina Fischer)

How does Social Trust lead to Better Governance? An Attempt to Separate Electoral and Bureaucratic Mechanisms. Public Choice, vol. 144 (2010), 323-346.

Do Elites Benefit from Democracy and Foreign Aid in Developing Countries? Journal of Development Economics, vol. 92 (2010), 115-124.

How Comparable are the Gallup World Poll Life Satisfaction Data? Journal of Happiness Studies, vol. 11 (2010), 41-60.

Social Trust and the Growth of Schooling. Economics of Education Review, vol. 28 (2009), 249-257. (WP-version available)

Social Capital and Happiness in the United States. Applied Research in Quality of Life, vol. 3 (2008), 43-62.

The Growth-Inequality Association: Government Ideology Matters. Journal of Development Economics, vol. 87 (2008), 300-308.

Social Trust and Fractionalization: A Possible Reinterpretation. European Sociological Review, vol. 24 (2008), 271-283.

Analyzing Trends in Subjective Well-Being in 15 European Countries, 1973-2002. Journal of Happiness Studies, vol. 9 (2008), 317-330. (With Nabanita Datta Gupta and Peder Pedersen)

On Decentralization and Life Satisfaction. Economics Letters, vol. 99 (2008), 147-151. (With Axel Dreher and Justina Fischer)

Healthy and Happy in Europe? On the Association between Happiness and Life Expectancy over Time. Social Science & Medicine, vol. 66 (2008), 1750-1759.

Economic Freedom and Entrepreneurial Activity: Some Cross-Country Evidence. Public Choice, vol. 134 (2008), 307-328. (with Nicolai J. Foss). Also published as chapter 16 in Nicolai J. Foss (ed.), Knowledge, Economic Organization, and Property Rights. London: Edward Elgar (2009); and chapter 10 in Andreas Freytag and Roy Thurik (eds.), Entrepreneurship and Culture. Dordrecht: Springer (2009).

Cross-Country Determinants of Life Satisfaction: Exploring Different Determinants across Groups in Society. Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 30 (2008), 119-173. (With Axel Dreher and Justina Fischer)

How to Construct a Robust Measure of Social Capital: Two Contributions. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, vol. 9 (2007), 275-292. (With Gert T. Svendsen)

The Bigger the Better? Evidence of the Effect of Government Size on Life Satisfaction around the World. Public Choice, vol. 130 (2007), 267-292. (With Axel Dreher and Justina Fischer)

Determinants of Generalized Trust. A Cross-Country Comparison. Public Choice, vol. 130 (2007), 1-21.

The Multiple Facets of Social Capital. European Journal of Political Economy, vol. 22 (2006), 22-40.

Underlying Policies in the WTO, the Harbinson Proposal and the Modalities Agreement. Revue Economique, vol. 56 (2005), 1385-1412. (With Kim Martin Lind)

Does Political Ideology Affect Economic Growth? Public Choice, vol. 123 (2005), 133-146.

Hvem kan U-landene samarbejde med i den nye WTO-runde? Nationaløkonomisk Tidsskrift, vol. 141 (2003), 112-129. (With Kim Martin Lind)

The Happy Few. Cross-Country Evidence on Social Capital and Life Satisfaction. Kyklos, vol. 56 (2003), 3-16.

Where Do Developing Countries Go After Doha? An analysis of WTO positions and potential alliances. Journal of World Trade, vol. 36 (2002), 543-562. (With Kim Martin Lind)

Counting In Social Capital When Easing Agricultural Credit Constraints. Journal of Microfinance, vol. 4 (2002), 17-36. (With Jarka Chloupková)

Books, anthologies and journals without peer review

Types of Foreign Aid. Forthcoming in Claudia R. Williamson and Nabamita Dutta (Eds.), Lessons on Foreign Aid and Economic Development: Micro and Macro Perspectives. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

The Political Economy of Trust. Forthcoming as Chapter 32 in Roger Congleton, Bernard Grofman and Stefan Voigt (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Public Choice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Social Trust and Economic Growth. Chapter 22 in Eric M. Uslaner (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Social and Political Trust. Oxford: Oxford University Press (2018), 535-555.

William Easterly’s Challenge to the Development Community. Chapter 4 in William Easterly (Ed.), The Economics of International Development: Foreign Aid versus Freedom for the World’s Poor. London: Institute of Economic Affairs (2016), 55-72.

Tillid og Velfærdsstaten. Tidsskrift for Professionsstudier, vol. 22 (2016), 22-28.

How Institutions of Liberty Promote Entrepreneurship and Growth. Chapter 6 in James Gwartney, Robert Lawson and Joshua Hall (eds.), Economic Freedom of the World: Annual Report 2012. Vancouver: the Fraser Institute, 247-270. (With Nicolai J. Foss)

Giver Aktivistisk Forskningspolitik Mening? Chapter 15 in David Budtz Pedersen and Jan Faye (eds.), Hvordan Styres Videnssamfundet? Demokrati, Ledelse og Organisering. Copenhagen: Nyt fra Samfundsvidenskaberne (2012), 359-372.

Wellbeing and the Size of Government. Chapter 6 in Philip Booth (ed.), … and the Pursuit of Happiness. London: Institute for Economic Affairs (2012), 162-180.

På Sporet af den Skandinaviske Tillid. Chapter 8 in Paul Hegedahl and Gunnar L.H. Svendsen (eds.), Tillid – Samfundets Fundament. Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag (2011), 127-140. (With Gert T. Svendsen and Gunnar L.H. Svendsen)

Tillid og Økonomisk Vækst. Chapter 6 in Paul Hegedahl and Gunnar L.H. Svendsen (eds.), Tillid – Samfundets Fundament. Odense: Syddansk Universitetsforlag (2011), 99-110.

Showdown om Vestlige Værdier i Paris. In Mikael Jalving and Nikolaj Gammeltoft (eds.), 89´erne – Politiske visioner fra en borgerlig revolution. Copenhagen: Cepos (2010), 76-78.

Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett: The Spirit Level: Why Greater Equality Makes Societies Stronger. Population and Development Review, vol. 36 (2010), 395-397. (Book review)

Ottar Hellevik (2008): Jakten på den Norske Lykken. Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidskrift, vol. 25 (2009), 289-292. (Book review)

Economic Growth. In Gert T. Svendsen and Gunnar L.H. Svendsen (eds.), Handbook of Social Capital. London: Edward Elgar (2009), ch. 20.

The Relation between Inequality and Happiness – do Subjective Perceptions Matter? Pp. 471-477 in Values and Economy. Proceedings of the 32nd IAREP Conference. Ljubljana: Filozofska Fakulteta (2007). (With Axel Dreher and Justina Fischer)

Udviklingsbistand og Institutionel Kvalitet. Økonomi & Politik, vol. 80 (2007), 32-44.

Potential Coalitions and Convergence in the Doha Round. In Eugenio Diaz-Bonilla, Søren E. Frandsen and Sherman Robinson (eds.), WTO Negotiations and International Trade Liberalization: What’s at Stake for Developing Countries? Wallingford: CABI Publishing (2006), 142-161. (With Kim Martin Lind)

Corruption Trends. In Johan Lambsdorff, Markus Taube and Matthias Schramm, (eds.), The New Institutional Economics of Corruption. London: Routledge (2004), 59-75. (With Martin Paldam)

EU’s handelsinitiativer overfor udviklingslandene: Cotonou-aftalen og ‘Everything but Arms’ initiativet. In Landbrugets Økonomi – Efteråret 2001 (Danish Agricultural Economy – autumn 2001), the Danish Research Institute of Food Economics (2001), ch. 2.